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(See Attic calendar.) The first to do so consistently was Timaeus of Tauromenium in the third century BC.Nevertheless, since for events of the early history of the games the reckoning was used in retrospect, some of the dates given by later historian for events before the 5th century BC are very unreliable.The modern Olympiad is a period of four consecutive calendar years, beginning on the first of January of the first year and ending on the thirty-first of December of the fourth year.The Olympiads are numbered consecutively from the first Games of the Olympiad celebrated in Athens in 1896.Some winners were recorded though, until the last Olympiad of 393AD.In 394, Roman Emperor Theodosius I outlawed the games at Olympia as pagan.A modern Olympiad refers to a four-year period beginning January 1 of a year in which the Summer Olympics are due to occur.
This analogy is sometimes extended further by media references to "Summer Olympiads". Olympic Committee often uses the term quadrennium, which it claims refers to the same four-year period.
, Olympiás) is a period of four years associated with the Olympic Games of the Ancient Greeks.
During the Hellenistic period, beginning with Ephorus, it was used as a calendar epoch.
The sophist Hippias was the first writer to publish a list of victors of the Olympic Games, and by the time of Eratosthenes, it was generally agreed that the first Olympic games had happened during the summer of 776 BC.
The combination of victor lists and calculations from 776 BC onwards enabled Greek historians to use the Olympiads as a way of reckoning time that did not depend on the time reckonings of one of the city-states.